Working with wood is an operation that requires several tools to be carried out effectively. Let’s see what the most used techniques and tools are.
With wood, you can build everything: furniture, toys, and even models. Although lately, 3D printers are revolutionizing the world of handicraft production, recently, we have seen a renewed interest in carpentry works. The global economic situation not always favorable for families has pushed many people to learn the basics of DIY to save money.
In the same way, the new generations can become passionate about carpentry as a hobby, which has undoubtedly become more accessible thanks to the tools that can be purchased online and the various video tutorials that can be found on the mainstreaming channels such as Youtube. Wood is also an excellent material for beginners as it is straightforward to work with. To do this, however, you need to know what the right tools are to be able to perform a precision cut.
Let’s say that in an excellent workshop or laboratory, it can be beneficial to have electric and manual tools so that you can deal with any type of cut. The choice depends very much on needs, which can range from simple cutting of wood for DIY to precision work for model making.
Manual or electric tools?
Electric tools are slowly replacing manual ones, thanks to the presence of models sold at affordable prices and above all suitable for all skill levels. However, this does not mean that the dear old manual saws have disappeared from the market. Indeed every good artisan has various types such as the frame and back ones, which are particularly useful for carrying out different precision workings or for eliminating unnecessary parts of the wood.
Usually, the back saw is used for cutting small pieces, while the frame saw is used for large parts. Other tools are the dogfish, the arc saw, and the fret saw, usually used for sure woodworking such as model making. To perform a precision cut with manual tools, you must first draw a cutting line with a pencil on the wood, so you can follow it and not be wrong. It is advisable to exert a slight pressure on the path to be cut, adjusting according to the direction.
Electric saws for woodworking are more precise and save a lot of effort, although they consume energy and take up a lot of space. DIY enthusiasts usually rely on electrical tools as they allow to obtain shaped and curved cuts with truly satisfactory results. For inclined cuts, you can use a good circular bench saw (here are the best models ) or by hand, while for the simpler processes and decorative cuts, you can use the band saw. In general, all-electric tools are used by holding the piece of wood firmly and passing it through the saw blade, paying attention to the hands. The electric saws have different speed adjustments that can be selected according to your needs.
With technological evolution, new methods have come for cutting wood, such as that performed by laser. The advantage of this technique lies in the extreme precision of the engravings in natural wood, which allow companies to create toys, articles, souvenirs, plaques, and even furniture. The clean-cut without shavings or sawdust is also very comfortable.
The laser cuts the wood thanks to the heat generated, transforming the material from solid to gaseous. For this reason, it is not necessary to apply any force to the forest, which will simply be placed on a work surface. Lasers for cutting wood have very prohibitive prices and are usually intended for companies or professionals.
To work on small pieces of wood often, you can use some types of drills that mount mini circular saws for cutting or the Dremel, a mini tool widely used for model making and equipped with various accessories for woodworking.
As you can imagine, cutting wood requires a few precautions and manual skills, especially when using electric tools. First of all, it is good always to buy the right quality products, relying on the most popular brands on the market. A defective machine can jam, break due to short circuits, and above all, ruin your precision work. Always use protective gloves and maybe a mask or glasses to protect yourself from shavings and sawdust.
Equip yourself with everything you need to clean the ground, such as a good vacuum cleaner, also try to carry out your work in a laboratory or workshop far from your home. Keep children away from any manual or electric tool and always try to work away from their presence as they could be curious and get too close to the blades of the machine.