What Types Of Chop Saws Are There?

In the course of time, the tools and devices became more and more specialized and there are also differences in the cross-cut saws. The following article deals with the differences and briefly outlines which properties, features and functions make up the individual models.


The crosscut saw (crosscut and miter saw)

The cross-cut saw (or cross-cut and miter saw) is the original type and possibly the most commonly used term for this special type of saw. As a rule, the chop saw can be used to make both horizontal and vertical cuts. On the one hand the saw table can be rotated (e.g. from -45 ° to + 45 °), on the other hand the saw blade can also be adjusted in its inclination (e.g. from 0 ° to 45 °). This adjustability of the saw table and saw blade thus allows the production of a wide variety of angular cuts.

In the sawing process itself, you fold down the saw head (including the saw blade) after switching on the device and cut through the workpiece at the desired location. The size of the saw blade determines the maximum width of the workpiece.

Crosscut saws or crosscut and miter saws …

generally allow the production of horizontal and vertical miter cuts. The size of the saw blade determines the maximum width of the workpiece.


The pull-cut and miter saw

The pull-cut and miter saw is a further development of the original model and is becoming increasingly popular. It is usually equipped with all the functions of a “normal” chop saw, but also offers a so-called pulling function. This means that the saw head can be moved forwards and backwards because it is mounted on a kind of guide system. The advantage here is that significantly wider workpieces can be processed than with a classic crosscut and miter saw. Cutting wider workpieces, such as cutting the laminate / parquet to length, does not pose any problems.

During the sawing process itself, the saw head on wide workpieces is first moved forward using the pull function, then lowered and then moved back through the workpiece in the last step.

Pull-cut and miter saws …

are equipped with a pull function, which allows the cutting of significantly wider workpieces, since the saw head can be moved forwards and backwards.


The miter saw

The miter saw is a fairly general term that, strictly speaking, includes all types of saws that can be used to make a miter cut. However, most people associate the word miter saw with a hand-operated saw that can be used to cut a workpiece at a certain angle.

As a rule, however, with a “classic” miter saw, only horizontal miter cuts can be made, since the saw blade cannot usually be adjusted in its vertical angle. If the saw is equipped with a universal saw blade, it can usually be used to machine all types of wood, various light metals (such as aluminum) or plastic.

Under a miter saw …

is usually understood to be a hand-operated saw that can be used to make horizontal miter cuts. Vertical angle cuts are usually not possible.


The metal cross-cut saw (metal circular saw)

While classic cross-cut saws are primarily designed for cutting wood, metal cross-cut saws are suitable for cutting through various metals. In terms of design, they clearly resemble “normal” chop saws. However, they are usually equipped with a more powerful motor that does not stop even with hard workpieces.

There are models that are equipped with a saw blade for metal, but there are also models that have a cutting disc for cutting the workpieces. The latter are very similar to a power cutter / flex. Due to the “forced guidance” of the saw head, however, significantly more precise cuts are possible than with a cut-off machine or similar.

Metal cross-cut saws or metal circular saws …

are especially suitable for cutting steel / metal. They are available either with a saw blade for metal or a cutting disc (similar to the angle grinder / Flex).


Are there other types of chop saws?

In recent times, a battery-operated version has also been increasingly developed for devices with cables. You can find this occasionally in cross-cut saws that can be operated with a rechargeable battery . This of course makes you much more flexible on the construction site or in the workshop and means that there is no socket attached.


What Types Of Chop Saws Are There?

Tools and devices have been updated over the past few years and the differences can also be found in cross-cut saws.
The following article takes a closer look at the different specializations with characteristics, functions and features. Models for private use are significantly cheaper than cross-cut saws for professional use.

1. The crosscut and miter saw

Einhell TC-MS 2112 chop saw
The basic model is the chop saw and for this particular saw it is the most used name. As a rule, the cross-cut saws are available for vertical cuts . You can turn the saw table between -45 ° and + 45 ° and you can also adjust the saw blade at an incline of, for example, 0 ° to 45 ° . Various angle cuts are possible due to the adjustability of the saw blade and saw table.
The saw head including the saw blade is folded down when the device is activated when sawing and the workpiece is cut at the intended location. The volume of the saw blade is responsible for the maximum possible width of the workpiece . The easy handling and good sawing performance are advantageous. A disadvantage is the lack of a pulling device .

2. Crosscut saw with pull function

Metabo KGS 216 M crosscut saw with pull function
The train cross-cut and miter saw is a further development of the original model and is steadily increasing in popularity. In most cases, this device has all the functionalities of a classic chop saw and an additional pull function . As a result, the saw head can be moved forwards and backwards and is supported on a so-called guide system . The advantage in contrast to a traditional crosscut and miter saw is the processing of wider workpieces . This allows you to cut laminate or parquet to length without problems.
Through the cooperation with the pull function, the saw head is first moved forward during the sawing process, then pressed down and finally moved back through the workpiece into the rear position. The advantages include the high performance of the saw, the feasible double miter and the pull for wide workpieces. Compared to a classic chop saw, there is a higher purchase price .
For beginners: cross-cut saws with pull function

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