Fixed or mobile, for wood or metal, with vacuum or clamp, the vices are varied enough to need to take the time to get acquainted with them, before choosing a version for your workshop or DIY projects in the house.
The vise is one of the tools you need if you work with wood or metal and has the role of ensuring a fixed and stable position of the material on the work surface. Without such an accessory you can’t really cut, cut or drill holes correctly and respect the dimensions and details.
Its structure includes a fixed and a mobile jaw, which can be moved to catch or release the material being worked with, the mobilization of the mobile element being usually done manually, with the help of a tightening screw.
Because despite its simplicity, the vise is available in stores in several formats, developed to provide optimal support for specific operations, it is good to know between which options you can choose before deciding which tools to complete your workshop.
This type of vise is mounted on one side of the workbench, being usually positioned directly in front of you when using it, hence the name. It helps you keep stable, in an upright position, the materials you want to drill, cut, sand or subject to any other operation.
It is a fixed model, which is mounted on the bench, so you can only use it when working in the workshop. It can be made of wood or metal, depending on the materials with which it must operate.
Yes, and in the case of meghines there is a leg variant, which is similar to the front option, except that instead of being mounted horizontally, on one side of the workbench, in this case the installation is done vertically, on one leg of the table.
The level at which you can work is the same in both situations and is given by that of the workbench countertop. The difference between the two is the positioning of the materials.
While the front model ensures a larger horizontal mounting surface, the foot model helps you better place wooden or metal segments for the processing of which you need to be placed vertically.
This model is also a fixed version, installed this time in the structure of the workbench, in length, on one of its sides. The format is also different. A series of fixing elements, at equal distances, are inserted in the surface of the workbench, which are lowered in the table structure when not in use, and raised, when it is necessary for one of them to fix the material.
The stability of the segment you work with is thus ensured by a base arm, mounted near the end of the bench and the screw that ensures the operation of the vise, and by an additional arm, which is lifted from the table structure depending on the length of the work material.
The biggest advantage offered by this type of bench vise is the possibility of adapting to materials of different lengths.
Models for metal
The above versions are mainly used for wood processing, the models for metal having a slightly different and more standardized format, with two iron jaws that ensure the gripping and fixing of the material.
And in this category you will find several constructive variants, among which are the fixed and the rotating vise.
The first option is mounted on the workbench and ensures a very good stability of the processed metal objects, while the rotary options can change their position in order to better catch the elements that require fixing.
With vacuum or clamp
Regarding the work surface clamping system, you can choose between vacuum vents or clamps. In the first case, the assembly only means placing the device based on a smooth surface and operating a lever that creates a vacuum between the device and the workbench.
The clip options are also mobile, which means that they do not require permanent installation on the bench surface and can be moved at any time.
They are attached to the edge of the table by a screw system and ensure good stability of the processed materials.
Variants for pipes
Unlike wooden planks and metal sheets, the pipes have a round profile, which makes them more difficult to maintain, the shape predisposing to slipping. It therefore needs a special vise design.
The chain variant is one of them and consists of a V-shaped clamping jaw and a bicycle-like chain, which ensures the clamping of the pipe in the space created by the jaw. They are available in formats suitable for pipes up to 20cm in diameter.
If you work with pipes, you can also opt for a “yoke” type version with two jaws built in a V-shape, with toothed surfaces for the best possible grip, sold in models for pipes up to 15 cm in diameter.
From the category of options for household projects and small materials, we recommend a hand vise.
These products have a shape similar to a pliers, with the difference that the two arms can be tightened in a controlled and safe way, with the help of a screw and held in position, to fix the object you have to process.
A modified form of this option is the hand vise with ring, whose jaws are curved towards the handle, to allow easy framing of pipes and tubes.
Because you can’t always tilt the processing machine to the angle where you need to approach the wood or metal, you have vise patterns that can be moved to allow you to position the material at any angle you want.
They are provided with a static base, which is fixed to the workbench, and a body with jaws, which rotates around the axis, up to 90 degrees from the base, allowing the position of the board or metal sheet to be adapted to the required processing angle. .