From the common nails and the well-known hammer to the planer, subler and level, the list of seemingly trivial tools, but essential for woodworking, in any workshop that is respected, is impressive. We remind you of some of them, which you must have, if you are passionate about carpentry or making furniture.
Wood is one of the most adaptable materials, used both in the construction of houses and the erection of resistant fences, as well as for the realization of pieces of furniture and decorative objects. Its potential is practically unlimited, as long as you have some essential tools, patience, creativity and a little experience. Here are some of the basic tools you need to be able to work with this natural resource.
The most suitable hammer for those who work with wood is a carpentry model, whose head has a curved and rounded end, which allows more precise hitting of nails and reduction of marks left in misfire material, and the other bifurcated end, designed for allow nails to be removed. It is therefore a multifunctional tool that helps you cover the two important operations related to the use of nails.
Avoid models that have a striking surface with a waffle profile (embossed squares) because such a format will definitely leave marks on wood.
Set of nails
If we talked about the hammer, it is natural to add to the list a set of nails as complete as possible. You need models of several sizes, which depend on the thickness of the wooden boards you work with and the joints you want to use them for. They are affordable and will help you easily solve operations that involve a discreet way of fixing the components.
The planer is the older sister of the emery and helps you to straighten the surface of the material, if it is uneven, and to shape the edges of the created objects, much faster and more efficiently than this. It is not a tool for fine work, but for coarse and semi-coarse modifications, which involve a layer of wood large enough to be removed by a metal blade. To get good results it is very important to keep the knife very sharp.
Sandpaper or sandpaper
Depending on your budget, you can opt for a simple sheet of sandpaper and a sanding support or a machine to help you do this by automatically performing repetitive movements. Sandpaper is a material that has one of the surfaces covered with abrasive particles that differ in grain size.
Because wood is a soft material, it is better to avoid products with the finest granulation, because they will clog easily, the sandpaper becoming inefficient. Choose the size of the abrasive particles depending on the finishing stage you are in (larger at the first pass and smaller towards the end).
It is one of the basic tools for anyone who ends up working with wood, even occasionally, being necessary for straightening the edges or carving decorative details, in the case of people who have enough experience for this. The chisel is also used to perfectly finish the channels created in wood, even when the best wood cutter was used , so that the details are perfect.
A quality chisel is made of carbon steel alloy or steel with chrome and vanadium and has a hardwood handle with a metal end, designed to directly take over the mechanical shocks of the hammer to protect the handle.
This tool is used with both hands (one holds you and the other hits with the hammer) for accuracy and efficiency and it is important to use a wooden hammer or a parquet model, with plastic ends, so as not to damage the chisel handle. If your field of activity involves working with wood or you like to build various furniture for the home, as a hobby, you will need several chisels with different profiles.
Be careful with the size of the handle – it must fit well in your palm to be safe in movement.
The role of the vise is simple, but essential – it keeps the material fixed and still during the processing process, so that you can cut, cut, plan or sand without error. It is important that when you buy these products (you will need more), to look for models designed especially for wood, with a contact face designed so as not to scratch and damage the surface.
Even if you bought or are thinking of buying an electric model, it is good to always have a manual saw model at hand, safe and easy to use, for cuts that do not involve a long time of cutting. Choose sails according to the material you are working with and always keep it sharp to cut easily through the wood fiber. Remember that these versions of the saw do not leave smooth edges and that sanding will be needed.
Roulette and pencil
No matter how many cutting, turning and grinding tools you have, you can’t do much without the right measuring instruments. So add a roulette wheel and a sharp pencil to the list of tools you need when working with wood. The best models include a stop button that allows you to lock the measured segment, so you can easily read the numbers even when working alone.
Although you can also handle a square that helps you measure 90-degree angles, a classic poloboc level is much easier to use, to make sure you sit as two sides of a closet or table top. It is a tool as important in the production stage as in the assembly stage, especially when it comes to shelves, hanging cabinets, windows, etc.
Less well known by those unfamiliar with woodworking, the subler is essential for the correct measurement of diameter, width and depth of edges and holes. It is also used to check the thickness of wood boards obtained by cutting or sanding.