Do you want to build a garden house, but you don’t know exactly what it means and how hard it is? We tell you briefly what are the steps and what you need to pay attention to in order to obtain a quality construction in a short time.
A well-thought-out garden house offers you additional space that you can use either for relaxation and fun, turning it into a kind of holiday house, or for utilitarian purposes, for storing and organizing the tools and devices you use. in households. Because the ready-made ones are quite expensive and a DYI version has more charm, we tell you in the following what steps I should follow to build such a product yourself.
Sketch and dimensions
It is best to approach such a project leisurely and without haste, because it involves some costs, even if it is built by you, it requires effort and time and it is good to come out perfectly from the beginning.
So start by choosing the ideal location in the yard of the house and by measuring the area you can give for the placement of the house. Because most often these spaces are not isolated and have a very low thermal inertia, specialists recommend positioning, as much as possible, in the shade of a tree.
At the same time, take into account the way the garden will look with such an addition, the costs of materials and working time and try not to focus on a larger model than you need.
Once you have established the dimensions, you can choose to draw the construction yourself, or to search the Internet for a ready-made sketch to help you get over the concept stage faster. If you do not have much experience in design and three-dimensional geometry is not your strong point, it is better to consult with a professional.
You can opt for a version with a roof on a slope, straight or at an angle or on two slopes, taking into account the amount of precipitation you usually expect in winter. If you live in the mountains, choose the two-slope version, which will give you the most efficient discharge of fallen snow.
You also need to determine if you need a double or single door, how many windows (depending on the need for natural light) and if you also want a terrace.
The need for materials
Once the sketch is complete and the dimensions known, you can start with the necessary materials. Of course, you need enough board to create the supporting structure, walls, roof, door and window frames, window glass and bituminous cardboard to ensure efficient insulation of the roof.
You will also need nails, hinges, a door lock, a hammer, a saw to cut the wood properly, a work table on which to place the boards, a nailer, a roulette wheel, a pencil and a notebook to write down any elements you still need or problems you encounter during the project.
It is not enough to know where you will place the house, it is also necessary to prepare the ground for installation. This stage includes weeding, leveling the ground and removing boulders and large roots that come out of the ground. To prevent the accumulation of water under the house, it is good to apply a layer of gravel of 10-15 cm which you can compact as well as you can.
Depending on your preferences and budget, this step may or may not be followed by pouring a concrete slab that successfully replaces the foundation, for which you would need additional approvals from the town hall.
Assembly of the house
The first stage of assembly involves the placement of the beams that form the sole of the house. Careful! Because these elements frequently come into contact with water, the wood should be covered with a layer of liquid bitumen and mounted on the bituminous membrane.
Then fix the planks that form the floor and start to lift the structure of the house and define the resistance elements of the roof. Use a circular saw to cut the pieces of wood exactly to the dimensions you need. It is very important to use dry wood so as not to have any surprises later, such as the walls through which you can see due to the spaces left between the boards.
Fill the roof and walls with planks and then apply bituminous cardboard. Fix the doors and window frames, then start treating the wood by applying special solutions available in stores, which will protect the wood fiber from moisture, the action of UV radiation, mold and pests.
Then fix the glass to the windows and the house is a bit ready.
Equipping the house
If you want to use it as a holiday home, you have to add one or two beds and a table. You will also need to draw electricity in order to be able to put into operation a light bulb and possibly a fan during the summer. A carpet on the floor, maybe a closet in which you can store something and the space is ready to receive guests.
For those who plan to use the house as a warehouse, this stage involves assessing the need for shelves, cabinets and other storage systems and building or buying them. Carefully analyze the available space and how you will use it if you plan to insert medium or large machines, such as mower, cultivator, motorcycle, etc. Allocate a separate area for them and opt for hanging shelves for small and light objects, which will save from the surface of the room.
You can also build an additional bathroom near the house, if you think it is necessary. Also, for those who need a milder temperature inside, it is recommended to insulate the walls with expanded polystyrene, which can be nicely finished with washable exterior paint.