If you have a penchant for landscaping work and want to lay laminate flooring without the help of a specialist, the following section will give you a short tutorial on how to complete this task successfully. We will group the indications into four main categories, easy to follow even by those who do not have a very developed practical sense. Let’s begin!
Installing laminate flooring is not a complicated process, but it will require quite a lot of effort, especially if we are talking about a large room that will be taken care of by one person. However, this is not a reason to be discouraged, if you intend to learn how to arrange your own home, without help! Here’s how to start and complete the application of the parquet:
If you have bought everything you need, you will have to get to work, and if the installation has to wait a few weeks or months, store the materials (especially the parquet boards) at room temperature, in a horizontal position, to prevent their deformation or damage. .
In any case, let’s say you have decided that now is the time to mount. You removed the furniture and appliances from that room, and now the cement on the floor must be washed, vacuumed and covered with a layer of self-leveling screed, prepared in a bucket, exactly as the instructions say, with a special roller.
It will take about 48 hours for it to dry, depending on how thick the layer is.
Determining the necessary materials
First of all, you will need to find out how much parquet you will need. As a rule of thumb, if your room is 50 square meters, it is good to have at least 10% of the extra surface on the floor. So, for that room, buy 55 extra square meters, to cut the pieces into the desired shape, so that the floor covering is uniform and total.
In addition to laminate flooring, you will need the following: extruded polystyrene insulation boards, which will come under the parquet, ensuring a high degree of thermal insulation, but also cushioning the steps, polyethylene foil, to protect against moisture, silicone adhesive , preferably of the same color as the parquet, plinth and self-leveling screed, if the surface on which you worked has unevenness.
As tools to work with: among the motorized ones, rotary hammers, possibly a drill, a mousetail electric saw, and in the rest, pencil, cutter, adhesive tape, gun for the administration of silicone adhesive and roulette.
Application of foil, insulating boards
After the screed has dried, you will need to apply PE (polyethylene) foil, and here it is good to have many more pieces of foil, compared to the surface of the chamber. This is because in the points where one foil meets another, they will overlap a few centimeters, so that water does not infiltrate at all to or through the parquet.
Use duct tape to stick the foils together at the points where they meet. Where you have pipes or other obstacles, use the cutter to cut the foils to get around the objects.
Insulating boards, made of extruded polystyrene, are placed over the PE foil, but these, being thick, will not overlap one over the other. At the edges, you will need to cut them, if they do not fit a fixed number of tiles along the length or width of the room.
After you have covered the whole room with them, glue them with adhesive tape. It is good to start covering with tiles on one side, avoiding ironing on them, as the material is soft and can be damaged, which will lead to poorer quality work.
Application of parquet
It’s time for the big step: installing the parquet. As with polystyrene boards, you will need to determine if there is a fixed number of tiles in length and width respectively – if not, you will have to cut the ones at the end with a saw so that the entire surface takes the shape of the floor. .
The plates have a system of joining with click, on all sides, each of them joining by raising to 45 degrees, plate after plate and row after row. Use the saw again to cut the plates that come in contact with pipes, doors or other objects to make room for them. You will have to make precise measurements, with roulette, noting the figures obtained, so that the floor covering is optimal, without obstructing any element of the house, such as radiators or sockets.
Note: you will have to leave about 3 centimeters between the last row of parquet boards and the wall next to it.
Finishing the work
If you have finished placing the parquet, it’s time to install the last necessary element – the baseboard. This will be fixed to the line between the last row of tiles and the wall, where you left the 3 centimeters of free space.
You will need to fasten the baseboard with screws, and the holes will be drilled with a drill (if you have brick walls) or with a rotary hammer (if you have concrete walls). In the case of baseboard models, there is also a ditch (rail) for various cables, such as power supply, internet cable or wires from an audio system).
The rail must be removed during the installation of the baseboard and then fastened again. The remaining empty spaces will be filled with silicone the color of the parquet, for a neat look and the best possible insulation.
Even if it seems simple to install laminate flooring, we must say that you will have to take this procedure very seriously. If you have mounted the PE foil without covering the entire surface of the room and if the polystyrene and parquet boards have not been cut properly, then the work will be unsightly and the room will remain vulnerable to cold or excessive heat.
For this reason, we insist on recommending the services of a team of professionals, in case you do not have enough confidence in yourself to arrange your house on your own! Otherwise, I increase my work and success!