A solid support base, good fixing, protective equipment, periodic checks – if you want to work with a hydraulic press, safe, it is good to include these rules and many more on the list of mandatory habits in the workshop.
A hydraulic press generates a pressing force between 4 and 100 tons, depending on the chosen model – for domestic, semi-professional or professional use. So it is a machine that is not good to play with, even if it is very easy to use. If you are thinking of buying such a device for your workshop or you already have it and are preparing to start using it, we advise you to first read the main safety rules, which you must follow to prevent serious accidents.
Always wear protective equipment
The protective equipment you need will be different depending on the project you are working on and the materials you use. But you will always need special glasses and solid boots or boots, with iron insert in the tip area, to protect your foot from heavy objects that you can accidentally drop.
Also use durable work gloves, especially if we are talking about metal plates with sharp edges where you can scratch or cut easily. If the machine you are preparing to use generates over 80dB, you will also need soundproof headphones, especially if it is a long-term project, to prevent hearing damage.
Carefully place the hydraulic press
The first aspect you need to take care of is the placement on a solid, compact, straight surface, without angle of inclination or unevenness and which can support both the weight of the device and that of the materials you will want to process. Do not use makeshift supports to lift the press and do not place it on a thin floor. Before you start working, make sure that the base of the press is fixed with screws to the floor, because in some cases, the heavy objects you place on it can cause it to become unbalanced and fall on you or other people in it. area.
Very good visibility is the second requirement when it comes to mounting any such machine. Make sure you have good light both during the day and in the afternoon or evening, if you end up working in the press later.
Adapting the press to your height
Most press models allow the adjustment of the work table for easy adaptation to the user’s height and a comfortable working position, as well as to allow the correct placement of the objects to be processed.
If your budget allows, we recommend that you look for a version with a hydraulic table that can be lowered automatically, for loading materials, and then rises on its own, without physical effort on your part, to the height required for processing. Such an element can relieve you of unwanted back strain.
Check the press before each use
A loose screw or a leak in the hydraulic fluid can do a lot of harm while operating the press. So do not start working until you have checked the entire machine, which is not very complicated, following the appearance of cracks, corrosion, weakened or blocked components, leaks, etc. Postpone the project if you notice that something is wrong and turn to a professional for repairs, trying as much as possible to replace defective parts, only with original alternatives.
Handle materials carefully
Working with the hydraulic press does not mean that only the machine itself can hurt you if you are not careful. And the materials you work with, until you place them in the press, but also after, can cause injuries, if you do not handle them carefully. Use thick gloves for sharp-edged objects or pliers or other special tools that protect your hands and ensure the safe mobilization of raw materials.
Maintain strict cleaning in the workshop
Scrap metal, glass, ceramics, plastic and any other type of material I work with can be a potential source of accidents. From the simple slipping or tripping and the penetration of sharp elements under the skin, much can happen on a crowded floor with residues that are not removed in time. Worse is if such an obstacle makes you unbalance and fall over the press while it works.
So make sure, before starting the press, that the floor is clean and dry. If it is still wet, you can slip, even if there are no dangerous objects on the floor, so let the water evaporate before starting work.
It is equally important to keep the press work table free, in order to always be able to place the materials correctly on it and to avoid projecting the already existing scraps, under the pressure of the piston.
Familiarize yourself with the emergency stop system
Before you start studying the rest of the elements related to the operation of such a machine, we recommend that you find out where the button that activates the emergency stop is, to make sure you find it easily and quickly, almost without looking, that you know how to you use it and it works. This little skill can save you from serious injuries if you need it, because even the best hydraulic press can sometimes fail.
The safe use of such a car is also conditioned by the knowledge of the device. Even if you are not passionate about mechanics, it is important to understand how it works, what are the stages of correct use and, especially, what are the limits of the model you have purchased.
Use water when working with Plexiglass
If you are working on a project that involves perforating or cutting plexiglass, specialists recommend that you use water as a lubricant to reduce the emission of toxic substances generated when cutting layers of material. It is also good to use a mask and ensure efficient ventilation of the room.