A chop saw is used when cutting or shortening wood.
In contrast to under-table cross-cut saws, which are used in industry and minimize the workpieces from below with a circular knife blade, craftsmen and hobbyists particularly use cross-cut saws with a knife blade that can be lowered from above.
These combination devices (pull, crosscut and miter saws) are often used on a table or other surface. This means that there are numerous possible combinations and the devices are indispensable in numerous areas today.
There are almost no chop saws on the market that do not have an angle adjustment. The pull saw function extends the possibilities of use. The miter saw function, the cross-cut function and the pull saw function are available for a combined pull, cross-cut and miter saw .
1. Structure of the chop saw
2. The capping
You can shorten the workpiece with a circular saw blade if you lower it vertically onto the workpiece from above. Almost all models have scales for the precise adjustment of the length at the rip fence and you can also add a stop block . This ensures that the same pieces are always cut to length.
3. The function of the miter saw
By tilting the saw blade, angles in the cutting plane can also be realized. You can make necessary miter cuts on high-quality devices with a bilateral directional inclination of -45 to +45 degrees . The option of undercuts is offered by very good machines with an adjustable angle of up to -48 and +48 degrees.
4. The functionality of the pull saws
The diameter of the circular saw blade significantly limits the maximum possible cutting width with a pure cross-cut and miter saw . Numerous crosscut and miter saws have an additional pulling function for cutting wide panels, parquet or laminate . You can pull the saw blade towards you using one or more rails.
5. The saw blade
The saw blade used is an important part of all cross-cut saws . The success of your work is determined by the selection of the right circular saw blade.
Various circular saw blades are suitable depending on the material and area of application . You can already draw conclusions about the cross-cut saw quality from the built-in circular saw blade. When used, it will affect the result of the work done and additional expenses may arise if a new purchase is required.
Universal saw blades
Circular saw blades made of hard metal are usually used. They ensure the reliable cutting of different materials such as aluminum, hard and soft wood, brass and plastic.
Saw blades with negative alternate teeth
An independent pulling in of the blade is prevented by a saw blade with negative alternate teeth . Without exception, these saw blades are only intended for wood-like materials.
Special thin-cutting saw blades
In order to keep the material losses as low as possible during cutting , special saw blades are available for thin cutting . The running behavior is made easier by the minimized cutting surface. The low power consumption promises a longer service life.
The number of teeth on the saw blade
In addition to the selection of the correct diameter , the number of teeth is also important for a perfect cut result . The cut pattern becomes cleaner due to the increased number of teeth and a slower cut . You can produce coarse and quick longitudinal cuts with only 16 to 24 teeth . With the right cutting speed, you can form clean cross-sections with 36 to 48 teeth . With the appropriate cutting speed, you can make cuts in very hard material with 60 to 72 teeth .
6. The protective hood
The locking in the open state offers protection against unintended injuries. Protective hoods are made of transparent plastic for a clear view of the material and the cut .
7. The joint
The saw blade is steered up and down via the joint. An additional adjustable angle at the joint ensures miter cuts . Depending on the model, you can tilt the saw head by up to 47 degrees in both directions . A robust and smooth design is necessary for a long service life.
8. The saw table or turntable
The central point of a chop saw is the saw table . By rotating the saw table, horizontal angle cuts of up to 45 degrees are possible in both directions and up to 47 degrees for professional devices.
9. The handle
The handle provides the energy when lowering the saw head and should be easy to reach. An ergonomic position of the handles helps to facilitate the complete cutting process.
10. The engine
The electric motor represents the bundling of forces in the cross-cut saw. Depending on the model, the power consumption is between 1000 and 2000 watts . Working at the power limit, machines with less than 1000 watts are not recommended. This is illustrated by the reduction in speed.
11. The saw head
The summary of the saw head includes the saw blade, handle, protective hood and the motor . By arranging the saw head, various angles of inclination can be achieved.
12. The pedestal
The stand is used to fix the entire machine. A very heavy and resilient version is necessary for a good stand. The turntable is mounted on the stand in a movable state.