The list of tools that a carpenter uses to do his job is quite long, but there are some that he can’t do without. Find out in this article what are the essential tools for the correct and efficient wood processing in this field and what role each one plays in the work process.
Carpentry is a beautiful profession, with a long tradition, enriched over time with new tools that make the technical processes of preforming materials and building wooden structures much easier. But a professional knows that the processing of this noble material requires a proper balance between experience, talent and technology. For those interested in the most important hand tools and power tools needed in this field, we include below some of the essential tools for carpenters.
Manual measuring tools
You can’t really work in this field if you don’t know how to measure correctly and give accurate signals, using, among other things, a good roulette, a chalk thread or a pencil. Roulette is one of the measuring instruments that has not changed much in the last 20 years. It is easy to use, easy to store or carry in your pocket, to be always at hand, and helps you accurately assess distances, horizontally or vertically.
Equally important is the level, essential for checking the correct position of the support pillars, window and door frames, etc. This time you have to choose between the classic versions, with liquid – easy to handle both indoors and in sunlight, and the modern ones, with laser, more suitable for spaces where the sun’s rays are not so strong.
The aluminum square is a multifunctional tool that helps you to measure dimensions of up to 15-20 cm, to draw straight lines, to measure angles of 90 and 45 degrees and to perform other detailed operations correctly. It is one of the cheapest and most useful objects that you should keep in a carpentry workshop. Another similar option is the L-shaped carpentry square.
The subler must also be missing, necessary to easily check if a board has the same thickness along its entire length or if the width and depth of a channel created by milling comply with the specifications.
Hammer, pliers and nails
Also in the category of basic hand tools for this job is the hammer, with a striking head provided with a smooth surface, so as not to leave marks on the wood, and a split tail, which helps you to easily remove the nails. Which does not mean that it is not good to have a pair of pliers at hand, more efficient at removing old nails, well buried in wood fiber, and which also helps you to cut wires or cables.
Nails offer you the best method of fast and durable fixing of wooden elements, and in carpentry it is good to have enough at hand, of different sizes, suitable for the project and materials.
Set of chisels
In addition to the electrical cutting equipment that we will talk about later, you also need a suitable set of chisels. These seemingly very simple tools, but which require a lot of skill to use correctly, help you enlarge the channels already created, take a thin layer of wood from the surface of a board, remove debris left in the cuts and many other useful operations.
The circular saw is probably the most used motor tool in this field. It is essential for fast and correct cutting, in a straight line, of planks and panels. This product is available in hand-held, wired or battery-powered models, ideal for work on site, and built-in countertop options, better for equipping workshops that are spacious enough.
The drill is second on the list, essential for the stages in which you need to drill holes in the material, quickly and efficiently, to use screws or rivets. It is a tool that is very easy to use, it is small enough not to tire your arms very much and it is also available in variants, with battery and cable. To be sure that you can work quickly, regardless of the hardness of the wood, look for a model with a power of at least 1000 – 1500W.
Oriented more on the detail works, the wood milling machine is an electric motor tool, which uses milling knives with various profiles, which allow the creation of channels with different width, depth and profile. It is often used for decorative purposes to create rounded edges or embossed patterns.
Specialists recommend the inclusion on the list of a reciprocating saw model that can be used for sectioning materials both horizontally and vertically, being very useful for cuts made after fixing wooden structures.
The grinding machine is another addition needed in carpentry, to ensure a quality finish for those elements visible at the end of construction and to easily remove the chips left on the boards after sectioning.
Support and fixing
Both in the workshop where you prepare the materials, and in the area where you are building, you need a wooden goat on which you can support the boards for retouching and sectioning.
The pneumatically operated nail gun can be a very useful addition to the tool list, significantly reducing both the effort and the time required for joints that require nails. It is lighter than an electric one and works without problems even in humid areas. For him and other pneumatic tools that can help you (gun for painting or applying varnish, etc.) you will also need a suitable air compressor.
Because working with wood means sawdust and waste that is quite significant in quantity, we recommend that you also consider a commercial extractor, which will cope better with the demands in this field, than a household one.