To prevent injuries and for good use before using an electric planer you need to take some safety precautions, in this article I present some common rules for these devices to follow to prevent unpleasant events.
Like any other electrical device, they can seriously injure you if they are not used for the purpose for which they were intended, if you do not use the appropriate protective equipment and make improvisations that do not comply with the rules of use.
To prevent a fire, injury to the body or electric shocks, strictly follow the electrical safety rules. Check that the socket you use provides the necessary voltage with the one provided in the technical book of the electric planer. Be careful to protect the device from water, because if it gets inside there is a very high risk of electric shocks. Do not touch uninsulated cables or parts to prevent personal injury. Always use electrical circuits with protection.
When using this device you must be in good health, not tired, under the influence of alcohol or if you have taken certain medications that influence the general condition, because any moment of inattention can become fatal.
Protective equipment is mandatory and includes: goggles – because wood chips can jump during processing to cause eye damage; headphones or earplugs – the noise level is very high; protective mask – to avoid inhalation of small dust particles; gloves – for hand protection; non-slip shoes. The clothing must be comfortable but without having loose elements that can be caught by the car during use. The hair must also be tightened.
Make sure that the on / off button is in the off position, so as not to accidentally turn on the device. The planer should only be handled by insulated parts. Be careful when positioning yourself to have a stable and safe surface.
Before use, check that all screws are tight, due to vibrations they can come loose over time. Even if you turn off the device, avoid touching the metal parts as they may become excessively hot during work.
Other safety instructions
Make sure that the part to be processed is well fixed. Also check that there are no nails, because, in contact with them, the planer can jump and thus can cause accidents.
In order to have good control over the device, it must be held with both hands. Check that the blade is properly positioned, and if you have changed it, make sure that the screws are tight.
Instructions for use
Electric planers should be used only for the purpose for which they are intended, to avoid damage and not to expose you to risks.
The adjustment of the working depth is done when the machine is stopped, before the execution of any operation, with the help of the dedicated button for this. If you make adjustments during use you will get an irregular processing, with roughness.
After making the necessary adjustments you can start working. Unlock the safety button and start the planer, waiting until the blade reaches maximum speed. First the front part of the sole is placed, waiting for the planing to start with a light pressing, then it is pressed lightly to reach the back part of the sole in contact with the material to be processed. You will transfer the pressure to the back of the sole as you continue the planing operation, repeating the operation until you reach the desired depth of cut. At the end it is good to make a fine adjustment to finish.
To make a chamfered edge at an angle of 45 degrees, the planer must be placed at this angle to the edge to be processed, the groove being positioned in the middle of the sole. For a straight line planer, mount the guide parallel to the hole with which the device is provided.
To replace the cloth, you must disconnect the appliance from the power supply. With the help of a dedicated wrench, loosen the 3 hexagon screws on the inside. Carefully remove the used cloth and replace it with a new one, taking care to align it perfectly with the outer edge of the sole. Fix the screws, then with the help of a square check that the canvas is perfectly straight along its entire length. If the canvas is not straight, the planing operation will not be uniform.
Do not overheat or overload the device, it must be used for the purpose for which it was intended, so, for example, an electric planer in the hobby range can not be used for planing in continuous flow, because it will fail shortly.
If you find that the on – off switch is defective, do not try to turn on the tool, call a service center to replace it. Do not try to repair it yourself, you need a qualified person to do these operations.
In case you have to make some adjustments or change certain parts, make sure that you unplug the device so that there is no risk of accidental starting.
Maintenance and storage instructions
With a little care and attention you can prolong the life of the device, so do not neglect the aspects related to maintenance and storage. Cleaning is done after the planer has been disconnected from the power supply. For optimal cleaning you need a compressed air device, but if you do not have it at hand you can use a brush to remove dust from the device. In particular, check that the engine vents are not blocked.
The appliance can also be cleaned with a damp cloth to remove dirt from the plastic parts.
Store in a safe, dry and clean place, in the warehouse or in the garage, on the top shelves and be careful not to be out of reach of the little one.
Even if you are not very skilled and are just starting to use an electric planer, with a little care and attention, respecting the safety rules recommended by the manufacturer, which you will find in the user manual and instructions for use, you will succeed in a short time. to handle it with dexterity and to execute quality operations.