Along with the miter saw , the wood table saw , also called a bench saw, is an essential tool in the woodworking shop. In my opinion, the stationary wood saw is one of the most important and versatile (or the most).
A good table saw helps you cut hard and soft woods straight (lengthwise) and across (perpendicular to the grain). If your table is large, you can also cut melamine, MDF, plywood and OSB chipboard with it .
Likewise, with the wood table saw you can also make recesses and recesses , and with the angle compass you can make all kinds of miter cuts.
What table saw to buy?
If you are thinking of buying a table saw to build your own carpentry in the garage, you are in the right place.
I’ve selected 6 of the best wood table saws from some of the best power tool brands. I will also tell you about two other circular bench saws, which I do not recommend, since they may present gaps due to their design .
From this selection of tables:
- The Proxxon is a precision saw for very small cuts.
- The Evolution saw has a multi-material cutting disc.
- The previous two are used to cut wood and metal .
- The rest are conventional circular cutting tables: two from the Bosch brand (very good), a DeWALT cordless with lithium battery (also very good) and an Einhell (nothing to do with quality, but much cheaper).
I don’t recommend buying the mid-range bench saws from Bosch and Makita, which I’ll also tell you about, due to the clearance. And the Proxxon Mini Saw will only help you cut pieces of wood for model kits or miniature crafts .
The best table saws for wood from the brands DeWALT, Bosch, Evolution, Proxxon and Einhell
Best in performance: Bosch Professional GTS 10 XC table saw
The best of this list. Bosch Professional GTS 10 XC is one of the best table saws for wood in terms of precision and level of equipment.
Unlike the Bosch GTS 635-216 table saw, which gives its buyers so many headaches due to the clearance it has in its parallel guide, the Bosch GTS 10 XC saw is a good table saw in terms of precision. With it you will forget about having to measure in front and behind to verify the parallelism of the guide. What does this bench saw offer you?
The Bosch GTS 10 XC professional table saw has an integrated carriage and telescopic support for long pieces
The Bosch GTS 10 XC has a powerful 2100 W motor and a 254 mm (10 inch) drive. With this saw you can cut up to 79mm at a right angle and slightly less if you lean from the blade.
Its disc only leans to the left but you can take it up to 1º to the right to make it completely perpendicular to the table surface with the help of a square. However, it is already factory adjusted, you can start cutting as soon as you take it out of the box.
Bosch Professional Circular table saw GTS 10 XC with motor brake (power, 2100 W, diameter of the saw blade, 254 mm)
Includes gts 10 xc table circular saw with motor brake, vacuum adapter, push bar, magazine for additional saw blade, 254 x 30 mm saw blade, angle stop, parallel stop
The versatile tool with a powerful motor
Powerful motor with motor brake, starting current limitation, overload protection and constant electronics for the most demanding applications
Great versatility of use thanks to the integrated sliding carriage as well as the extension and extension of the table
The size of the table of this bench saw measures 640 x 705 mm but it has an extendable support on its back that runs on telescopic guides in which you can support the larger boards when they come out of the cut. In addition, the dimensions of the table allow you to cut large boards.
In terms of cutting capacity, the GTS 10 XC saw cuts up to 635mm to the right of the blade and 250mm to the left. These limits refer to the distance from the disc to the top of the parallel guide. Of course, if you decide to build your own table for this saw, you can even cut chipboard and MDF 2440 x 1220mm. In fact, many handyman carpenters are the first project they carry out with this machine.
The above in terms of limits and capacities, but what other advantages does this bench saw have? For example, the engine with constant rotation electronics, that is, it maintains the rpm when it comes into load, regardless of whether you are cutting thick or thin boards, or hard or soft woods .
With respect to table saws other brands of power tools , the GTS 10 XC has an interesting advantage and that is that it allows you to retract the riving knife, that is, the safety element that is located behind the cutting disc and that it serves to avoid kickback. Unlike other table saws, in this model the separator can be removed without the need for tools.
Removing the spreader wedge allows you to make invisible cuts, that is, grooves, in the bottom of a board. For example, if you make several cuts with small progressive displacements, with the help of the lateral guide, you can make a tongue and groove to embed a special carpentry lock in the profile of a door.
This table saw has a very important advantage over others: it already includes a sliding carriage to the left of the blade, so you won’t have to make your own (handyman carpenters are the first thing they do).
With the integrated carriage, this saw will be useful to prepare the dowels in the box and dowel links, in addition, in this case you do not need to remove the separator.
The idle speed of the disc is 3200 RPM. The Bosch GTS 10 XC semi-stationary table saw weighs 35 kg, making it transportable for making installations, using it outside, etc. If you want to consult more technical data, take a look at its technical sheet (Bosch Professional website).
Bosch GTS 10 J: the second best table saw in Bosch’s blue range
The Bosch GTS 10 J table saw is a bit cheaper than the old one and it is also a good saw. Below this, in my opinion, the Bosch Professional range no longer offers precision stationary saws.
GTS 10 J – the second best saw table in the Bosch Professional range
The GTS 10 J is halfway between the GTS 635-216 saw, criticized by several users for its guide slack, and the Bosch GTS 10 XC, which is the best table saw in Bosch’s Professional range. The differences between the two are, firstly, that it is somewhat smaller, secondly, less powerful (300 W) and, thirdly, that it does not include an integrated carriage to the left of the disk, nor the telescopic support on the back.
Bosch Professional Circular table saw GTS 10 J (power, 1800 W, diameter of the saw blade, 254 mm)
Extremely compact and powerful
Powerful 1,800 watt motor with inrush current limitation and overload protection for fast work progress
Ideal for carrying through compact design and many handle surfaces
The Bosch Professional GTS 10 J is similar to the famous DeWALT table saw that uses a lightweight, robust tubular frame. This saw offers you precision and is very easy to transport , in case you want to use it for installations.
The Bosch GTS 10 J Professional portable table saw is easy to transport
Most important technical specifications:
Powerful 1800W motor
254mm diameter disc
Idle Spindle Speed: 3650 RPM
Cutting capacity: 79 mm (in straight cuts)
Cut to the right of the disc: 635 mm
Cut to the left of the disc: 255 mm
Weight: 27 kg
Like the GTS 10 XC, the GTS 10 J has a retractable riving knife , which you can retract without using a spanner or other tools. This is ideal for making invisible through cuts in the underside of boards and boards (this is not possible with the riving knife and although it can be removed on all saw tables, on some it takes time to remove the knife).
In conclusion: another of the best table saws from the Bosch Professional brand, not as complete as its older sister, but more manageable and easy to transport.
One final advantage of the GTS 10 J over the GTS 10 XC: its open tubular structure makes it easy for you to access the underside of the table and is much easier to blow out with the shop air gun.
One of the best professional table saws on the market with a 254 mm blade: Bosch GTS 10 J
The third best table is already from the DeWALT brand. Another of the best brands of stationary tables for carpentry.
Best Cordless Table Saw: DeWALT DCS7485 with Flexvolt 54V Lithium Batteries
In my opinion, DeWALT and Bosch are the two best table saw brands . The DeWALT DCS7485 (Type 2) isn’t cheap at all, but it’s a tabletop wonder. Oddly enough, this cordless saw table is battery powered.
Specifically, the DCS 7485 table uses DeWALT 54V Flexvolt batteries , which are compatible with many other DeWALT tools, for example their cordless hammer drills. . This is possible because the Flexvolt battery system combines several 18-volt cells that can be combined to increase the voltage up to 54 V (18 V x 3 = 54 V).
The DCS7485T2 is a portable saw table that is convenient to carry – it only weighs 22 kg. In my opinion, this weight is close to the limit of what one person can easily carry. In particular, the problem is not so much the weight, but the volume that the saw occupies and the weight distribution (since it weighs much more on the motor side).
Due to its low weight, this 22 kg bench saw is easily transportable and can be used in installations . In addition, being battery powered, it can be used in open fields and in renovations or other places where there is no access to electricity.
The best cordless table saw for wood?
The DeWALT DCS7485T2 table saw has a brushless electric motor and is powered by Flexvolt batteries
The side guides are based on a rack system (in the guide) and toothed pinion (in the part that you turn from the upper right part of the front) that moves them with a very high precision. The fine line sight allows adjustments of less than one millimeter and its brake firmly locks the barrier in the chosen position. This DeWALT bench saw is highly appreciated by carpenters for the double rail support (front and rear), which is free from the typical slack in single point guides.
Specifically, the problem that I just mentioned in the previous paragraph is present in Bosch circular saws (including the blue range) and Makita, which is why I do not recommend them. In any case, as a cheap saw you can buy the Einhell, which we do assume a lack of precision due to its low price (and which we can accept).
The maximum cutting capacity is 65mm (90 degrees) and 45mm (45 degrees). The table measures 485 x 485 mm and its height is 330 mm. It allows you to cut 610mm to the right and 318mm to the left.
Additionally, this portable bench saw features a long-lasting, low-power, and maintenance- free brushless brushless motor . Kit includes two 54V Flexvolt lithium batteries and one multi-voltage charger for 54V and 18V batteries. Comes equipped with a 210 x 3mm 24-tooth carbide blade.
DeWalt DCS7485T2-QW XR Flexvolt 54V Brushless Table Saw with 2x 54V / 18V Li-Ion 6, 0W, 54V Batteries, Black and Yellow, 5 Piece Set
Designed for professionals and high demands
Durable and robust
Evolution Rage-5S Multi-Material Disc Table Saw for Metal and Wood
The Evolution tool brand is known for its multi-material cutting technology. Your Evolution Rage 5S table saw belongs to this family of tools. Evolution’s Rage range uses powerful electric motors that deliver high torque at low rpm, which is necessary for the special cut-off wheel to function properly.
The saw has two telescopic guides in which a lateral guide square is fixed. This table includes a graduated ruler with a precision viewer that allows to fix said guide to make longitudinal cuts with high precision.
The Evolution Rage-5S table saw includes a multi-material cutting wheel that allows you to cut not only wood, but soft metal sheets such as copper or aluminum and also mild steel sheets with a maximum thickness of, eye, up to 6 mm. What’s more, it can also cut ceramic materials such as brick.
This table circular saw can be useful for cutting up old wood that contains nails and screws, such as pallet boards , for example.
In terms of cutting capabilities, the Evolution Rage 5S allows you to cut boards up to 83mm thick, if you do it at a right angle, and up to 58mm, if you cut at 45 degrees. The maximum table surface area is 120×64 cm and the cutting capacity to the right of the disc is 65 cm.
An added advantage of this model is that it includes a tubular structure that serves both as a support table and as an auxiliary element to transport it . Once folded and disassembled, the wheels allow you to carry it as if it were a delivery truck or a shopping cart.
Evolution Power Tools Multimaterial Table Saw Rage 5-S, 230 V, 255 mm
Multimaterial: Tungsten carbide tipped TCT blade included; cuts steel, aluminum, wood with embedded nails, plastic
Powerful – 1500W optimized gearbox and blade system extends motor and blade life to cut through a wide variety of materials with ease
Accurate: rip cutting, long adjustable parallel fence with marked guide; 0 – 45 degree bevel / tilt and 60 – 60 degree miter to cover all common cutting angles
R255-TCT multi-material blade, 28 tooth included
Einhell TC-TS 2025 U: the cheapest table saw for your workshop
The Einhell cutting table has nothing to do with the previous one (in terms of quality). However, the engine power is similar (1800 W) and its disk is also 254 mm in diameter. However, this model includes a small bench so you can use it directly on the ground. The disc is also tiltable (45º) and its cutting height (straight) is 85 mm.
Of course, the price difference is the main advantage of this Einhell miter saw but at the same time it is a disadvantage. For example, the precision of the guides on the Evolution Rage and this Einhell is quite different, as you can guess.
Einhell TC-TS 2025 U – Electric cutting table with cable and base, 220-240 V, 1800 W, saw blade 250 x 30 mm
Compact and universal with a power of 2000 watts and a cutting height of up to 85 mm
Convenient 2-in-1 saw blade height and tilt adjustment from 0 to 45 °, as well as parallel and angle stop with eccentric clamp
The table surfaces are anodized for the best sliding properties and the extensions are specially powder coated for larger workpieces
Chip suction device in the housing and in the blade guard for a clean working environment and practical attachments for accessories
On the other hand, if you are a little handyman and have experience with this type of machinery, you can modify it and make your own table or build a more precise guide system.
Proof that this circular bench saw is nothing like the previous one is its weight: 18.8 kg. Regarding the measurements, the length is 72 cm long and 76 cm are its width (the working height is 85 mm).
This Einhell stationary saw is equipped with a 24 tooth saw blade (with carbide inserts). At 45º its maximum cutting capacity is 65 mm.
In conclusion: it is not that it is a wonderful table but the price-quality ratio is more than acceptable.
Proxxon KS 230 Mini Table Saw – For Model Hobbyists and Miniaturist Craftsmen
Proxxon is one of the best brands of power tools for wooden models, modeling and miniature hobbyists, if not the best. Proxxon manufactures many power tools and machine parts for wood and metal such as milling machines, mini grinders or lathes .
Proxxon Micromot KS 230 Small Table Circular Saw for Wood
The Proxxon KS 230 small table saw contains a very quiet 85 W universal alternating current (AC) motor inside it. A toothed belt transmits the motor’s movement to the shaft on which Proxxon’s small 58mm Super Cut blade is mounted, with which you can cut softwoods up to 8mm thick .
Proxxon 2227006 – Circular Bench Saw Ks-230
220 – 240 v
Weight approx. 1.8 kg
The Proxxon KS 230 small table saw is very good for hobbyists, models and craftsmen who want to make miniatures like the ones on display in the Professor MAX museum in Brihuega . In addition, it is also useful for electronics assembly projects, since it can cut printed circuit boards up to 3mm thick. And it is also suitable for cutting metal sheets up to 1.5 mm thick (as long as they are not iron or steel). And if the disk is replaced by one whose teeth include hard metal plates (widia), it also works to cut computer plates.
The Proxxon Mini Saw weighs 1.8 kg and rotates at 5000 rpm when unloaded. It works with direct supply to the 230 V electrical network, unlike other mini-tools in the Proxxon micromot range such as the Proxxon Micromot 50 E / F electric drill , which requires a 12 V power supply.
This precision saw includes a graduated, lockable angle bracket (the protractor). Its cast aluminum table is slotted to the right and measures 160x160mm.
Table Saws with Possible Accuracy Issues or Parallel Guide Clearances
The table saws in this section are cheaper than the Bosch GTS 10 XC or DeWALT saw, but several Amazon users warn of lack of precision and play in the parallel guide (and it does not seem to be an isolated case).
Therefore, I recommend that you save money and buy a good saw, since precision in this tool is everything . Or buy the Einhell saw, which you will have to adjust and modify to make it effective, but which is at least much cheaper.
That said, I will describe its characteristics in case you are interested in them.
Bosch GTS 635-216 with 1600W motor and 216mm disc
I have to admit that were it not for the negative opinions about the clearance of the Bosch GTS 635-216 saw, this would be one of the best table saws in terms of performance and price.
Bosch Professional GTS 635-216 – Circular table saw (1600 W, Ø 216 mm saw blade, in box)
Includes: Bosch GTS 635-216 circular saw, 22 tooth optiline wood blade, push stick, parallel fence, graduated fence, blade guard
Powerful table saw with the best cutting capacity in its class, thanks to its powerful 1600 W motor
70mm (90 °) cutting height and 635mm slitting capacity
Improved safety and comfort through easy start system, blade guard with automatic closing system, safety switch, vacuum system and light weight (22 kg)
The table on this saw measures 500 x 658mm and has a maximum cutting capacity of 635mm, as the first part of the model number makes clear. The second number indicates the size of the disc: 216 mm (eight and a half inches).
Without load, the drive of the Bosch GTS 635 rotates at a maximum speed of 5500 RPM, powered by the 1600 W electric motor. With the help of the crank you can adjust it up to 45º to the left. The saw shaft is 30 mm in diameter, in case you consider replacing the blade with one that cuts finer, that is, one that has more teeth.
Regarding the cutting height, it is as follows:
For right angle cuts: 70 mm
For 45 degree angle cuts: 50mm
The saw weighs 22 kg and is easy to transport. This is its main advantage. Its structure at the base is tubular and does not include legs. However, it can be attached to an auxiliary table: the GTA 560 Bosch Professional work table (Bosch reference 2 608 838 410). This folding frame measures 682 x 728 x 564 and leaves the cutting surface of the GTS 625-216 table saw at a height of 90 cm (896 mm to be exact).
Here you can see it assembled with the table:
Bosch GTS 635-216 tabletop circular saw mounted on Bosch Professional GTA 560 table
Its settings are those of any other table saw. For example, it includes two slots on the surface for the angle carrier (cast aluminum table). It also has a magnetic ignition switch via a safety mushroom relay that allows you to quickly disconnect the machine in the event of an accident, entrapment, etc. It also obviously includes brakes to fix the disc and the guide. As well as a side handle for transport.
In short, if its operation were accurate, the Bosch GTS 635 would be among the best table saws for wood. Here you have its technical sheet (Bosch website).
Makita MLT100 1500 W power and 260 mm blade
It is rare for a brand like Makita to make poor quality tools, but the Makita MLT100 is certainly not the best bench saw for wood, and neither is the Bosch GTS 635-216. In particular, this one is a little bigger than the Bosch: its disc is 260 mm.
The main flaw of the Makita MLT 100 table saw is its design: the parallel guide is only supported by the bottom of the slide guide, consequently, as is evident, the guide has difficulty staying parallel to the blade when cutting wood. Those who have bought this saw also complain of excessive play in the milled grooves of the table.
Therefore, although this saw is recommended by Makita for DIY (like Bosch, Makita has a more professional saw that is of better quality), since its price is not exactly low, in my opinion, I do not consider its purchase correct. Better save and wait for a good offer from Bosch or DeWALT.
With that said, let’s take a look at the features of the Makita MLT100 table saw.
Makita sums up the features of this saw as “Compact and versatile: extendable arms for better support.” Well, in fact this table circular saw has two extendable arms with telescopic rails that, in Makita’s words, keep the fence parallel to the blade.
This is a 34.8kg bench saw equipped with a 1500W motor. The cutting capacity is 64mm at 45 degree angle and 93mm at right angle. The maximum width of cut with guide does not come in the technical specifications of Makita but judging by its dimensions it must be in line with the rest of saws.
As for the measurements of the table, its surface measures 650×520 mm. The dimensions of the machine are 984 mm wide, 726 mm deep and 333 mm high.
Its 260mm diameter, 30mm chuck disc turns at 4300 RPM when idling. This machine includes an electric brake, soft start system and like all the others it can be connected to a vacuum cleaner for cuts free of dust and sawdust.
The Makita MLT100 can be mounted on a folding table with wheels (not included) which allows the saw to be transported as if it were a shopping cart and used as a workshop table. Although it is not cheap, this type of portable table is very comfortable and effective, DeWALT also offers it for your table saw.
Makita MLT100X – 260mm Electric Bench Saw. Does not include folding table.
For occasional, non-professional use
Soft start and engine brake
Angle adjustment from 0 ° to 45 °
Types of Saw Blades for Wood Table Saws
The blade is the fundamental part of any table saw. No matter how powerful the motor is, its guides are good and the controls are precise to adjust the cutting configuration, without a good blade the cuts will not be of quality .
Why is the saw blade so important? Because a good circular table equipped with a bad blade will not make good cuts and vice versa, you can achieve much better results in your cuts if you replace the blade that is standard equipped on most saws with one with a greater number of teeth. .
In other words, it is of little use to buy the best table saw on the market if you do not use the correct blade for the wood you are cutting.
That being said, what is the best type of blade for table saws? There are many types of discs for both hand-held and table saws, depending on the number of teeth , their inclination and the way they are arranged on the circumference of the disc.
Are discs with a greater number of teeth always better?
In principle, the best saw blades are those with a greater number of teeth , since they leave a better finish in the cuts. However, they also have their drawbacks, for example, with the same diameter, if one blade has more teeth than another, you need your table saw to have a more powerful electric motor.
Also, think that finishing defects, irregularities, poorly cut fibers, etc., can be easily corrected with an electric hand brush , a sandpaper block or an electric orbital sander , for example. On the contrary, if the precision of the disc is insufficient, you will not be able to correct the part.
Therefore, when buying a blade for your table saw, you must consider all these aspects to find the balance between finish quality, blade price, saw power, etc.
In the article how to choose a circular saw blade published by demaquinasyherramdamientos.com you can expand the information on types of material (high speed steel, carbide, diamond), tooth geometry, angle of attack, throat size, etc.
Disc tooth material
Currently, the most common material used to make the teeth of a saw blade is tungsten carbide or tungsten . Discs that have these types of teeth are known as TCT discs. TCT stands for Tungsten Carbide Teeth , literally ‘tungsten carbide teeth’. Be careful, it is the disc that is TCT and not the tooth, because in the initials TCT the word tooth already appears, then talking about TCT teeth would be redundant.
Tungsten carbide is an extremely hard material that stays sharp much longer than other materials such as tool steel or high speed steel. This material is also known as vidia, which comes from the German abbreviation widia for WIe DIAmant ‘like diamond’.
Vine is a composite material made up of carbon and tungsten. It is characterized by being very compact and dense (its density is 15 times greater than that of water, the volume of a one liter tetrabrik of this material would weigh 15.6 kg). Its appearance is dull dark gray and slightly shiny.
Although it is less frequent, there are also saw blades made of other materials:
Hardened Carbon Steel – Known as tool steel. It is very inexpensive but dulls easily if used to cut hardwood.
HSS HSS : HSS is an alloy of iron, carbon, and small amounts of other elements that increase the hardness of the steel. Example: cobalt-alloyed high-speed steel, a material that is also used to make stainless steel drill bits . These alloys can also include other elements such as vanadium, molybdenum or chromium. They are suitable for soft and medium hard woods.
PCD polycrystalline diamond : the diamond PCD is a high performance material for cutting tools. Polycrystalline diamond saw table disc teeth have high wear resistance and remain sharp for a long time. Due to its precision and durability, it is used to manufacture cutting tools for industrial machining processes.
The parts of the saw blade
In the case of TCT discs, the carbide teeth are brazed to the steel disc with braze welding (the yellow stripe in the illustration below).
The basic nomenclature of the parts of a saw blade is as follows:
Tooth – The tungsten carbide insert that is welded to the disc shoulder.
Shoulder : the part of the disc that protrudes from the circumference of the disc and to which the glass plate is welded
Throat: the throat is the gap that forms between two consecutive teeth. The throat determines the rate of chip evacuation. TCT ripping discs have a deeper throat, since more chip is produced in this cutting operation and vice versa, cross cutting discs have a smaller throat. Multipurpose TCT discs combine both throats and offer good performance in longitudinal or perpendicular cuts to the grain.
Name of the parts of a table saw blade
In the illustration above, dimension A indicates the total height of the disc, while the letter B indicates the angle of incidence:
Disc height (A) : the higher the disc, the sharper it supports. However, it will also be more brittle and prone to breakage.
Angle of incidence (B): the greater the angle of incidence, the greater the sharpness of the disc and less tear in the cuts of the wood, however, it will also dull more quickly.
Types of sharpening and geometry of saw blades
The number of teeth on the disc, their height or the angle of attack determine the quality of the finish. But the type of sharpening and the geometry of the tooth are also important.
The following are some of the most common discs based on tooth edge geometry:
ATB discs : the upper part of the tooth edge is oblique, that is, it has a small chamfer. The direction of the bevel alternates alternately between each tooth. That is, in two consecutive teeth, if the first one is oriented to the left, the next will be to the right. ATB stands for Alternate-Top Bevel , meaning ‘alternating top bezel’.
FTB discs : the geometry of this disc is much simpler. The top of the tooth is flat. FTB stands for Flat-Top Bevel , that is, ‘ Flat Top Bevel ‘.
ATB & R discs : they are a combination of the above. Reciprocating bevel tooth blades with raker offer a balanced performance between the speed of cutting a blade for ripping and the fine cutting of blades for ripping. A common configuration in these discs is one that forms groups of five teeth of which four are beveled and one of them has a straight upper surface. At the end of each group, just in front of the raker tooth, a deeper groove helps remove chips and sawdust during cutting.
ATB saw blades are, so to speak, equivalent to rib saws and are best for cross cutting. To cleanly cleave wood fibers, the top of the tooth is sharpened with a slight bevel that resembles a knife, which is most effective for sectioning wood.
On an ATB saw blade the teeth are tapered, one to the left, the next to the right. The pattern is played alternately along the entire circumference of the disc.
Being alternately chamfered, each of two consecutive teeth works on one side of the cutting groove.
The tooth of an ATB disc is sharpened at its top in the shape of a knife to better cut the fibers through (angle ß)
The angle of attack on these teeth is slightly positive. In order to reproduce the angles during regrinding, the disc usually has dimensions printed on its surface:
On the other hand, FTB discs are much simpler in terms of their geometry. These saw blades work well in rip cuts and their angle of attack is usually higher.
The ATB & R combined discs, meanwhile, offer fast cutting and good finish. This cutting disc has 50 teeth in groups of 5. Every 4 reciprocating knife teeth (ATB) appears the raker (FTB), in front of which there is a deep throat that facilitates the evacuation of sawdust and wood chips.
Guide to buying the best table saw
What is a table saw?
The table saw, also known as a bench saw, is a very versatile type of electric woodworking saw that allows you to carry out different types of cuts. You can consider the stationary version of the hand circular saw .
With this power tool you can cut wooden beams, slats and boards single or crosswise. In addition, you will do it with high precision, thanks to its parallel guide that allows you to feed the wood making it run completely parallel to the disk .
But the circular table saw does much more than just making straight cuts. With this machine you can also prepare straight teeth or dovetail joints or prepare box and tenon links. By tilting its disc, you can also cut the pieces at lower angles of 90º to prepare miter joints.
Parts of a table saw
The main parts of a table saw are as follows:
Table : with grooves for the conveyor and central window from which the saw blade emerges
Saw blade : it is mounted on a shaft and connected to the motor directly or by belts and pulleys.
Crank : allows you to adjust the height of the disc and its inclination.
Guide : it is supported by two beams with serrated zippers at the base. It is used to make straight longitudinal cuts.
Guide knob: turns the pinion that moves the toothed racks at the base of the guide.
Brakes: immobilize the inclination of the disc and the position of the guide.
Pusher : removable piece that is used to push the end of the wood without putting the hand near the disk.
Protractor – Used to cut small pieces of wood at an angle or across.
Ignition switch: with safety switch to quickly switch off the engine in the event of an accident.
Ruler and indicator: mark the distance from the cutting disc to the fence of the guide, to measure the piece of wood.
Protector: safety mechanism that covers the disc and prevents the projection of particles.
Separator: safety mechanism that prevents the projection of the wood against the user (in case the piece touches the disc).
Table slots: on them the protractor and the homemade cart that you will have to build to get the most out of your table moves.
How does a woodworking table saw work?
Table saws include a circular blade that is mounted on a shaft located under the surface of the table. This shaft is connected to the motor, which is what makes the disk spin when you activate its power button. Some bench saws use a pulley and belt mechanism to transmit motor motion to the blade, while in others the cutting blade is directly connected to the motor’s output shaft.
On the front of the tool, or on the side, depending on the model, there is a crank that has two functions:
Adjust the height of the cutting disc: the recommendation is that the disc is one tooth above the board you are going to cut. It is the safest fit and gives the best finish on the wood.
Adjust the disc inclination: with the same crank and previously unlocking the disc brake, you will be able to angle it up to 45º with respect to the table surface.
What types of cuts can you make with a circular bench saw?
This power tool allows you to make two cuts: straight, that is, parallel to the grain of the wood, elongated pieces, let’s say, or across, perpendicular to the wire, short pieces, to understand each other (although this is not entirely accurate).
To feed the board so that it runs parallel to the disk, the bench saw uses an angle guide or barrier against which you press the board as you push it towards the disk (simultaneously, as a guide). The parallel guide is used to make rip cuts .
On the contrary, to make perpendicular cuts the guide is not used but the angle holder tool. The compass or protractor runs along one or two grooves that are carved into the surface of the table. On the protractor a wing nut screw allows adjusting the stop to vary the orientation of the board. This way you can do all kinds of miters on small pieces of wood.
However, the protractor is somewhat limited in the part size it allows you to cut. For this reason, it is very common for handyman carpenters to build the car . The trolley is a very easy accessory to make that makes the bench saw as effective a tool as the miter saw to cut, yes, boards at right angles. With the help of the trolley, for example, you can cut parquet and laminate floors or long slats (the protractor offers little support for these pieces and does not achieve high precision).
The cart is so useful that even before building the table for your bench saw you should buy material to make it. You can do it with pieces of MDF and wooden dowels or dowels. On YouTube you will find many tutorials that explain how to measure the distance between the guides and glue them completely parallel to each other so that the carriage has the maximum precision.
Use and Adjustments of the Electric Woodworking Bench Saw – Getting Started
Here I explain how to adjust the saw table, in case it was not perfectly graduated from the factory.
Checking the blade alignment on the saw table
To cut boards and boards safely and accurately, the saw blade must be completely parallel to the guide , more specifically, the blade must be parallel to the sides of the cutting table and perpendicular to the upper and lower sides, i.e. the edges on which the guide slides.
To check and calibrate the wheel alignment, you can use the table’s milled grooves as a reference. For this you will need:
- A wooden slat or board with one end perfectly squared
- A gag or sergeant
The first thing you should do is slightly gag the piece of wood on the protractor compass , without tightening. Next, make sure the puck is not tilted. For this technique to be effective the disc has to be well perpendicular. Correct it with the crank if necessary. Check with a square its perpendicularity with respect to the aluminum surface of the table.
Second, lift the blade off the saw and bring the square end of the wood slat closer to one of the teeth on the front of the blade .
Important: The wood must not press the tooth of the disc, it may be rubbing it very lightly, or there may be a tiny passage of light, as they say, just a cigarette paper should pass between the tooth and the disc. Now secure the slat with the clamp .
Second, move the semicircle and bring it to the end of the disk. Contrast the gap between the teeth on the front of the disc and those on the back. The setting should be equivalent. With this, you make sure that the saw blade is completely parallel to the grooves in the table .
Of course, to ensure accuracy, the semi-circle guide must fit snugly over the groove, without excessive play. If there is excess slack, an effective trick is to apply a light coat of varnish on the tongue and groove part (or stick some paper tape).
Finally, in the event that you need to correct the disc alignment, you will have to loosen the screws that attach the table to the frame and repeat the process. However, it is unlikely that you will. In general, the table comes perfectly parallel to the disk (another thing is the guide).
Guide parallelism alignment
Once you have verified that the blade is completely parallel to the grooves in the saw table, you will need to adjust the parallel guide.
You will need a graduated stainless steel ruler, preferably with a graduated scale and a matte surface. Also, your graduation should start at the very end of the rule.
Adjusting the guide of a table saw is very simple:
- Locks the guide about 5cm from the milled slot to the right of the disc.
- Use the ruler to measure the distance from one edge of the groove to the front of the fence.
- Verify that it measures the same at the opposite end .
You can also adjust the parallelism of the guide by directly measuring the gap between the guide and the disc teeth:
Adjusting the parallel guide of the wood table saw with respect to the teeth of the blade
In the event that the measurement does not correspond, you must adjust the adjusting screws of the guide and repeat the previous process until it is parallel.
Safety: how to cut wood on the table saw and preserve your fingers
If you are thinking of buying an electric table saw, you should know that it is a more dangerous tool than other types of woodworking saw . When carpenters (medium) joke about the number of fingers left on their hands, the missing fingers are likely to be related to a serrated disc power tool.
Of course, any power tool with moving parts is inherently dangerous, but inside woodworking machinery, tooth cutting saws are much more dangerous than other tools like the vertical band saw , and I’m going to show you right away. why.
Unlike the vertical band saw, in which this danger does not exist even if it has others, the circular bench saw is capable of producing what is known as kickback . English carpenters call the kickback kickback . Kickback literally means ‘kick’ and in English this word also means ‘bribery’, but that’s a separate matter.
Kickback is a phenomenon that occurs when the piece of wood touches the back of the record . If we divide the saw blade by a vertical axis, that is, by an imaginary line perpendicular to the saw table, the rear half of the blade, the one that is farthest from you, is known as the zone or region of backlash .
Kickback Area on an Electric Wood Table Saw
If, during the cutting motion, the piece of wood tilts and comes into contact with the kickback zone, the table saw will violently throw the board towards you. It goes without saying that if your hand is close to the record at that moment, you run the risk of a serious accident . We are talking about losing fingers of the hand or even the whole hand, or part of the mobility if the disc cuts you at the wrist. Of course, this is something you can avoid by observing proper security measures.
Understanding why kickback occurs and how safety features work is essential to avoid accidents.
In a table circular saw, the rotation of the blade always goes forward, that is, towards you. If you look at it from the side, you will see that, in the first half of the disk, the teeth go downwards, that is, towards the table. On the contrary, the teeth of the cutting disc in the kickback area move upwards , that is, away from the table.
Therefore, if with the disc spinning at its maximum speed, you bring a piece close to the kickback area, it will be projected towards you either towards your body (just in the diameter) or towards your face, as you approach the end of the disc. . To reduce the risk of kickbacks , the circular bench saw has a safety element: a plate that separates the boards, called a wedge or separator .
At the exit of the cut, the separator, as its name indicates, keeps the already cut wood separated and prevents the board from binding on the disc.
Sometimes, depending on the design of the table saw, the protective cover is also mounted on the separator itself, but it is important that you bear in mind that the separator is itself an active safety element .
The separator is quite effective and prevents kickback to a great extent but not entirely. On the other hand, the casing that covers the disc prevents you from accidentally touching it with your hand while pushing the wood. However, there is another essential safety element: the pusher .
If you look at the image above, in the section of the parts of a table circular saw you will see that, on the side of the heel of the square guide, a piece of plastic is attached. The pusher is a hand tool used to push the wood without bringing the hand closer to the blade.
When you cut the boards, you should feed the back of them using the pusher. The pusher is also essential for cutting narrow strips of wood where the angle stop is very close to the blade (and the hand is very close to it).
For the above reasons, you should only work without a spacer when it is strictly necessary , for example, to make a through slot in the bottom surface of a board or wooden strip. By the way, if you look at the image above you will see a piece with teeth on the sides of the separator. On the other side of the disk there is another like it That’s another safety measure that some table saws include. This piece has a spring that keeps it glued against the table. The board at its exit lifts it and slides under it, but if it suffers a kickback, its teeth prevent it from rising violently against you.
In conclusion, the table saw is the cornerstone of the carpentry workshop garage . It is an extremely useful tool that allows you to make many types of cuts in wood. But this versatility is accompanied by a greater risk compared to other woodworking tools. Therefore, when buying your bench saw, you must bear in mind that you will have to follow the safety measures that I have just explained to you to cut the pieces of wood for your carpentry projects without suffering an accident.
In the prevention technical note No. 96 (PDF), entitled “Circular saw for construction: protection devices”, published by the National Institute of Safety and Hygiene at Work , you can learn more and expand the information on the safe use of this tool .
On the other hand, in the article How to cut wood safely on the bench saw , which is based on this section, I give you some additional practical tips to avoid kickback and I teach you how to cut recesses by removing the protective knife from your saw bank.
How to make a homemade woodworking table saw
If you don’t have the budget to buy a table saw but you are a bit of a handyman and have time, you can build a homemade cutting table for your garage carpentry. It will not be as effective as the best wood saws I have shown you but it will be much cheaper and will get you out of a lot of trouble.
One of the best homemade bench tables I have seen so far is the one on the Enredando no Garaxe blog and YouTube channel. If you already have a circular saw, the one I show you is a very complete table that you can make for four duros to transform it into a stationary saw.
Here is the blog article with the instructions to make the homemade bench table and here you can see the YouTube video:
How to assemble the riving knife and disc protector
On some table saws, to reduce the size of the shipping box, the wedge or splitting knife is not mounted. The separation wedge is an important safety element that you must mount before sawing wood to avoid the risk of kickback and to be able to install the blade guard. Assembling it is very simple .
Safety comes first . Make sure the cord is disconnected before handling any component of the table saw. The first thing you should do is remove the screw that holds the slotted cover through which the saw blade emerges.
Important: Usually it is only a 1/4 turn screw that holds the lid . If your saw table has other screws, they may serve to level the top with the cutting surface.
Lift the lid and remove it from its insert. Then, using the crank on the front of the table, raise the disc to its highest point. Just behind the disc you will see a housing in which you must insert the separation knife .
Depending on the type of table, there may be one or more screws or nuts. Loosen them up a bit. Some table saws use a quick insert system. Other table saws, like some DeWALTs, use a combined spring and screw system. If this is your case, you must tighten the screw to depress the spring at the same time as you insert the separating knife .
The next step you should do, before tightening the bolts of the knife is to adjust the clearance between the disc and the wedge .
For example, if your table saw is the Evolution Rage, you should leave 3-5mm of clearance between the bottom of the riving knife and the top of the carbide teeth on the blade .
Tighten the fixing screw (s). Before mounting the slotted cap, turn the disc one full turn. Check that it does not rub against any point of the knife.
Rotate the disk again and measure at two or three random points along the circumference to make sure the gap is correct. Then screw on the disc cover with the 1/4 turn screw .
The last step is to attach the safety guard that covers the disc. Remove the nut, bolt, and wing nut from the guard and slide it onto the bracket :
Make sure it is in the correct position (the holes should face each other). Put the screw on one side, and the washer and nut on the other. Tighten the assembly and make sure the protector goes up and down with ease. Don’t over-tighten the wing nut or you’ll leave the guard stuck in .
Ready. Your table saw is ready to cut wood .
And that’s it. I hope this buying guide has helped you better understand what type of table saw you should buy.
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